If you’re thinking about career choices and leaning towards an Engineering degree, but feeling unsure about what the degree entails - don’t worry. Here’s help.

What’s Engineering about?

First thing’s first, you have to know what it means to be an Engineer before you think about studying towards becoming one. Being an Engineer means being able to use science and mathematics to not only design or make things (this can be anything from making cars to building softwares and bridges), but to also solve technical problems (anything from mechanical to electrical issues). There are numerous fields within Engineering that you can choose from.

Types of Engineering

There are over 40 types of Engineers and Engineering degrees, so lucky for you, you have a wide range to choose from depending on what interests you. Here are a few well-known Engineering fields you may kind interesting.

Chemical engineering: the use of chemicals to make products like drugs and medicines or fertilisers for crops. Civil engineering: the building of roads, bridges, buildings and other public structures. Electrical engineering: focuses on electricity and designing electrical equipment, anything as small as radios to much larger things like electric power transmission systems. Industrial engineering: the smooth operation of organisations, like finding the right combination of human and natural resources, technology, equipment, information and finance to do the work best. Mechanical engineering: the designing of machines or things that move, like cars and trains, or any other forms of machinery, such as those found in factories.

These are some of the mainstream Engineering streams, but if you’d like something a little less common, then these might interest you:

Aerospace engineering: the designing of space vehicles or airplanes. Oceanic engineering: a combination of mechanical, electrical, civil, acoustical, and chemical engineering, coupled with a basic understanding of how the oceans work. Nuclear engineering: focuses on the designing and building of nuclear plants. Biomedical engineering: the designing of and working with medical equipment. Environmental engineering: the designing and implementation of ways to remediate (provide a remedy for) and restore the environment.

The requirements

The requirements for getting accepted to complete an Engineering degree will differ from institution to institution, and so will your subject choices. Here’s something to help you get a gist of what might be required from you across the different institutions:

You have to pass at least four National Senior Certificate (NSC) subjects at a rating of 4 (50– 59%). Obtain a NSC matriculation endorsement with at least 40% in English (first or second additional language). Meet the points (Admission Points Score) required for the Engineering course you’d like to study for. You must have completed English (home or first additional language), Mathematics and Physical Science in matric by at least 70% to stand a greater chance of being accepted by a reputable university to do your Engineering course.

Since Engineering is so broad, the requirements for an Engineering degree will always differ based on the type of Engineering you venture into and the institution you decide on. To help you make your choices a little simpler, heres’s an article that you can read that breaks down the fundamentals of obtaining an Engineering degree.

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